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PARAPHRASE - DIỄN ĐẠT Ý BẰNG CÁCH KHÁC: KỸ THUẬT THIẾT YẾU TRONG BÀI THI TOEIC

Cập nhật: 12/9/2016

PARAPHRASE - DIỄN ĐẠT Ý BẰNG CÁCH KHÁC: KỸ THUẬT THIẾT YẾU TRONG BÀI THI TOEIC
Paraphrase - Diễn đạt ý bằng cách khác - kỹ thuật thiết yếu khi đi thi TOEIC

Phần lớn các câu hỏi trong phần 7 của bài thi TOEIC có câu trả lời đúng là các câu đã được paraphrase từ thông tin trong đoạn văn chứ không phải từ chính xác như trong bài đọc.

Example 1:

               Venus, Inc. is one of the major cosmetics companies of the country.

What does Venus, Inc. produce?

  1. Women’s clothes
  2. Diet food
  3. Beauty products
  4. Sports equipment  

Cosmetics = beauty products vì thế câu C là câu trả lời đúng 

Example 2:

                        You are encouraged to change your password every Monday.

How often should a password be changed?

  1. Once a week                                 B. twice a month

Every Monday = once a week vì thế câu A là câu trả lời đúng.


Chúng ta cùng học các kỹ thuật paraphrase nhé!

1. Same meaning – different expressions (dùng thành ngữ khác để diễn đạt cùng một nội dung)

I have to postpone the meeting scheduled for Tuesday.

  • I want to reschedule the meeting.

Postpone the meeting = reschedule the meeting = rearrange the meeting time

 

2. Generalization  (tổng quát hóa)

The registration fee includes a hotel room for two nights.

  • Accommodations are included in the registration fee. 

A hotel room được tổng quát hóa thành accommodations (chỗ ở)

 

3. Summarizing (tóm tắt)

Tóm tắt một mệnh đề hay một câu để có câu đơn giản hơn:

I ordered men’s shirts and sunglasses, but only men’s shirts were delivered.

  • Sunglasses were not included in the shipment.

 

4. Inference (suy luận)

Dựa vào một hay nhiều mệnh đề hoặc câu để suy luận:

The fact that their team won the game was a surprise to many Bricktown residents.

=> The Bricktown residents did not expect the team to win the game.​


Các bạn hãy làm các bài tập bên dưới để hiểu rõ hơn về paraphrase nhé!

 

PRACTICE

Practice 1

1. The meeting was held as arranged.

The meeting ………………………… as arranged.

A. took place                                      B. took action

2. The hotel’s safety devices are inspected once a year.

………………………… safety checks are performed at the hotel.

A. Additional                                     B. Annual       

3. People entering the contest can win a new car.

The ………………………… for the contest is a new car.

A. winner                                           B. prize

4. The purpose of this message is to notify you that we received the delivery.

The point of this note is ………………………… receipt of the shipment.

A. acknowledge                                 B. attempt

5. It is illegal to transport more than four people on the taxi

A. The taxi is not big enough for more than four people.

B. The maximum capacity for the taxi is four people.

6. While the roads are under repair, access to certain districts will be restricted.

A. Once the roadwork has been completed, access will be given to some vehicles.

B. Some areas will be temporarily closed to vehicles until the repairs have been completed.

7. Please bring this entire page to the bank when you apply for a loan.

A. You must present this whole page of information to request a loan application.

B. To apply for a loan, please submit a paper with your personal information.

8. This seminar is designed to teach students interviewing skills.

A. The seminar is focused on public speaking.

B. The seminar is intended to improve the communication abilities of students.

Practice 2

1. The manager has asked me to set up a workshop.

    The manager wanted me to ………………….. the event.

A. settle                                  B. organize

2. The delivery charges to the customer should be kept to a minimum.

    Delivery should be as ………………….. as possible for our customers.

A. inexpensive                       B. convenient

3. The Fusion Café’s distinct dishes have made the restaurant famous in town.

    The ………………….. menu at the restaurant is why it is so popular.

A. main                                  B. unique

4. FIC Shipping designed a new system to trace where all of its packages are.

    FIC Shipping developed a way to keep track of the ………………….. of its packages.

A. location                             B. destination

5. Conference fees are due along with the registration.

A. The registration fee must be paid before the start of the conference.

B. Payment must be made at the time of registration.

6. The concert is open to the public, and people will receive seats in the order they arrive.

A. The seats of the concert will be assigned on a first-come, first-served basis.

B. Advance reservations are required to arrange a seat for the concert. 

7. At least one year of related experience is required for the position.

A. Prior experience in a relevant field is necessary.

B. Applicants who have a related educational background are preferred.

8. KitchenArt appliances have become popular because of their easy-to-grip handles. 

A. Customers find KitchenArt products convenient to hold.

B. It is easy to keep our customers because they like our appliances.

 

Practice 3

1. The machinery at our plant is too old for us to remain competitive.

    = We have ………………………. equipment compared with other companies.

A. outdated                                        B. former

2. Yearly pay raises will be determined after the employee evaluations.

    = Employees will be ………………………. Before receiving salary increases.

A. interviewed                                   B. assessed

3. The hotel announced that it will reopen its newly improved restaurant next month.

    = The hotel will reopen its ………………………. facility in the coming month.

A. innovative                                     B. renovated

4. According to last month’s report, the sales department reached its monthly sales target.

    = The sales goal was ………………………. last month.

A. met                                                B. connected                                      

5. Children under ten must be accompanied by a parent.

A. Seven-year-old children will not be charged admission.

B. Seven-year-old children will be admitted only if they are with an adult.

6. Only candidates who have been selected to be interviewed for the position will be contacted.

A. Not all the job applicants will be interviewed.

B. Candidates need to confirm the date and the time of the interview.

7. The management has not found a suitable person to take over Mr. Watson’s position.

A. The replacement for Mr. Watson has not been appointed yet.

B. The appointment of Mr. Watson has not been confirmed yet.

8. Room service delivered my breakfast late five times during my 6-day stay.

A. I did not receive most of my morning meals on time.

B. I received the wrong order five times during my stay. 

 

Practice 4

1. The contract must be signed by both the tenant and the landlord.

    = The building owner and the renter both need to sign the rental ……………………….

A. agreement                                      B. allowance

2. Candidates for summer internship must submit their applications by June 30.

    = The application ………………………. for summer internship is June 30.

A. deadline                                        B. acceptance

3. Sale prices are valid from this Friday until next Friday.

    = The special discount offer is ………………………. for one week.

A. attentive                                        B. effective

4. Room service for a complimentary beverage is available until 10:00 p.m. at Bluesky Inn.

    = The hotel provides ………………………. beverages until 10 p.m.

A. fresh                                              B. free

5. Workers must wear clothes that are suitable for the laboratory.

A. Appropriate attire must be worn in the laboratory.

B. People are asked to wear comfortable clothes in the laboratory.

6. Successful applicants should speak a minimum of three languages.

A. Candidates who speak three languages will succeed in the company.

B. Candidates with fluency in a variety of languages will be hired.

7. Emporio’s furniture is handcrafted and can be tailored to suit any office.

A. Emporio specializes in customized furnishings.

B. Emporio’s specialty is designing and decorating offices.

8. Jan Pal’s latest film is better than his previous works from a technical perspective.

A. Jan Pal’s newest movie is more technically accomplished.

B. Jan Pal’s most recent release uses more complex technology.

 

Practice 5

1. The study was interrupted because of a lack of money.

    = The research was put on hold due to a shortage of ……………………….

A. wealth                                           B. funds

2. Regular maintenance can prolong the life of your equipment.

    = Inspecting equipment regularly can make it ………………………. longer.

A. last                                                 B. exist

3. The shopping mall will provide discounted children’s wear this weekend.

    = The store will sell children’s wear at ………………………. prices this weekend.

A. reduced                                         B. cheap 

4. We are excited about working with NeuTech to develop a word processing program.

    = we look forward to ……………………….with NeuTech on our joint software project.

A. compromising                                B. collaborating

5. A real estate agent must prepare the contract in duplicate.

A. Two copies of the contract are needed when dealing with real estate.

B. The signature of a real estate agent is needed when closing a contract.

6. Increasing health care costs impose a heavy burden on patients.

A. Most patients are covered by medical insurance.

B. Patients are put under pressure by rising medical insurance.

7. Tom McGuire helped open new locations for our company in the Asian market.

A. Mr. McGuire has contributed to the expansion of our operations in Asia.

B. To meet the market’s demands, Mr. McGuire extended the operation hours.

8. The hotel is popular with tourists because it is close to the shopping district.

A. Guests like the hotel’s convenient access to shopping areas.

B. Shopping is easy because of the hotel’s location in a shopping mall.

 

Practice 6

1. We assure you that your order will arrive within seven days.

    = Delivery is ………………………. to take place within specific time.

A. likely                                             B. guaranteed

2. I send a copy of your flight itinerary with my letter.

    = ………………………. please find the information on your travel plans.

A. Enclosed                                       B. Revised

3. I have attached the technical specifications for the AC20 to this email.

    = A list of the product’s ………………………. is included with this email.

A. costs                                              B. details

4Thank you for finding the data that I had asked you about.

    = I appreciate your taking the time to ………………………. the requested information.

A. locate                                             B. fill out

5. Schedule your appointment a week before you want to have your car checked.

A. Appointments for car maintenance should be made a week in advance.

B. You should check your car service appointment one week ahead of time.

6. Please give me information about the conference facilities at your hotel.

A. I would like some details about the meeting rooms at your hotel.

B. I want to have a meeting about the services available at your hotel.

7. Improperly disposing of motor oil can contaminate drinking water.

A. Motor oil must be disposed of in specific areas.

B. Disposing motor oil inappropriately can pollute drinking water.

8. Mr. Sigh is in charge of organizing the reception for the overseas investors.

A. Mr. Sigh takes responsibility for planning a welcome party.

B. Mr. Sigh is the receptionist for the overseas branch.

 

Practice 7

1. The Internet is an inexpensive means of advertising.

    = A website is a ………………………. way to promote your business.

A. creative                                          B. low-cost

2. All of our monitors are guaranteed to last more than ten years.

    = Our displays are well made and extremely ……………………….

A. durable                                          B. relevant

3. To make up for the drop in profits, the company fired 30 workers last quarter.

    = The company ………………………. employees last quarter.

A. hired                                              B. dismissed

4. We are seeking those who have acquired broad experience in the service industry.

    = Those who have ………………………. experience in the hospitality industry will be welcomed.

A. expensive                                      B. extensive

5. We offer the most competitive prices in the automobile industry.

A. We provide high-quality and low-price auto transport service.

B. Compared to most car companies, our prices are quite low.

6. The product will be sold across the country on October 15.

A. The product will be available nationally in the middle of October.

B. By the second week of October, the product will be sold out.

7. Researchers will primarily work in the office, but some fieldwork will be required.

A. Researchers have to work outside the office at times.

B. Researchers are required to do fieldwork after completing their office work. 

8. S-Mart stores will now be open 24 hours a day in order to better serve their customers.

A. To improve service, S-Mart will be open around the clock.

B. Poor service has led S-Mart to extend its hours.

 

Practice 8

1. As requested, the swimming pool will remain open for three extra hours.

    = The request to …………………….. the pool hours of operation has been approved.

A. extend                                           B. extract

2. Pre-registration is required to secure a place in the lecture course.

    = You need to sign up …………………….. to ensure a seat in the lecture.

A. in a hurry                                       B. in advance

3. If you have a question, please ask a salesperson.

    = All …………………….. should be directed to one of the sales representatives.

A. inquiries                                         B. concerns

4. Led by Mr. Collins, the seminar on safety procedures at the factory will be held this Friday.

    = Mr. Collins will …………………….. the seminar on the proper use of machinery.

A. conduct                                         B. train

5. A ban on this movie is in effect from February 14 until further notice.

A. It is illegal to watch the movie until February 14.

B. A ban of indefinite duration has been placed on this firm.

6. A schedule of the week’s events is available to conference attendees on the website.

A. A conference program can be found on the website.

B. Attendees may sign up for events on the conference website.

7. Due to a server update, there will be an interruption to the online services.

A. Due to a server error, the online system requires updating.

B. A service disruption is expected while our system is being updated.

8. A $50 non-refundable deposit is required to make a reservation at our hotel.

A. Customers will not get their deposit back if they cancel their reservations.

B. Customers must pay a penalty of $50 when they cancel their reservations. 

 

Practice 9

1. The hotel has recently renovated one hundred guest suites.

    = Many guest suites at the hotel have recently been ………………………

A. leased                                            B. remodeled

2. The number of people living in Harborfront has grown lately.

    = Harborfront has had a recent rise in ……………………..

A. population                                     B. popularity

3. Cold weather leads to higher heating costs.

    = Heating costs …………………….. as the temperature outside decreases.

A. divide                                            B. rise

4. The dangers of cigarettes are emphasized in the posters.

    = The posted signs …………………….. people of the risk of smoking.

A. warn                                              B. endanger

5. Caltex is best known for its healthy relationship with its staff.

A. Caltex is famous for maintaining good employee relations.

B. Caltex is very satisfied with its famous employees.

6. The Pearl Group is headquartered in Tokyo.

A. The first branch office of the Pearl Group is established in Tokyo.

B. The main office of the Pearl Group is situated in Tokyo.

7. Economists attributed the economic recovery to the state’s lowering of interest rates.

A. In response to the stronger economy, the government decided to change interest rates.

B. The economy improved because the government reduced interest rates.

8. Costa Co. acquired FNB to strengthen its position in the educational software market.

A. FNB was purchased by Costa Co. to reinforce its status in the industry.

B. Costa Co. bought FNB in order to make it the largest manufacturer in the industry.

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